California passed zero emission vehicle regulations in 2005
In Oct. 2016 the Quebec government passed the ZEV Act, giving that province the power to require car manufacturers to sell or lease a minimum number of zero-emission vehicles utilizing a system of tradable credits, according to the National Energy Board, the first province to do so.
In May 2017, the Government of Canada announced it would also develop its own national ZEV strategy by 2018.
A ZEV is a vehicle that is capable of operating with no tailpipe pollution. The most common types are pure battery-electric and plug-in hybrid electric.
To encourage lower carbon emissions, different jurisdictions are introducing regulations and initiatives to foster the adoption of non-emitting vehicles for personal transportation.
This strategy, along with demand-side initiatives and policies, is focused on reducing GHGs in the transportation sector.
While Quebec is the first province to adopt this kind of program, 10 American states have already adopted similar policies.
In turn, more ZEV manufacturers implies an increasing diversity and a higher market penetration potential by this type of vehicle.
The ZEV Program is a California state regulation requiring manufacturers to produce an increasing number of ZEVs. It was implemented in California in 2005, and similar programs were then adopted by 9 other states.
The chart above illustrates the adoption year of ZEV programs or policies by the states that followed California.
In addition, the vertical axis illustrates the number of clean transportation laws, regulations and funding opportunities in the different states that adopted California’s ZEV program.
These numbers do not indicate the strength or effectiveness of the regulations, but rather illustrate interest in greening the personal transportation system.
Quebec is pictured as a vertical line as there are no specific number of laws and incentives relative to ZEVs, but rather a larger framework within which they have been implemented.