Canada imports around one barrel of crude oil for every seven barrels it produces. Canadian crude imports increased 3 per cent in 2019, from 634 thousand barrels a day (Mb/d) in 2018 to 655 Mb/d.
The United States continues to be the largest source of Canada’s imported crude oil. In 2019, over 70 per cent of Canadian crude imports came from the U.S., compared to 64 per cent in 2018. A higher volume of imports also came from the Russian Federation.
Imports from Norway, Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan, and Nigeria decreased from 2018.
The provinces that import the most crude oil are New Brunswick, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Ontario. The majority of crude oil imported by the refineries in New Brunswick and Newfoundland comes by marine tankers.
Although Quebec’s refineries import some crude oil by marine tankers, most crude oil imports travel by pipeline from the U.S. Both New Brunswick and Quebec’s refineries can import crude by rail from the U.S.; however, this is not typically done.
Crude oil imports to Ontario’s refineries are only by pipeline.